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Home / Archives / Volume-3 / Issue-4 / Article-5

Volume - 3 | Issue - 4 | december 2021

Human Computer Interface using Eye Gazing with error fixation in Smooth and Saccadic Eye Movement
Pages: 336-346
Published
22 December, 2021
Abstract

Human Computer Interface (HCI) requires proper coordination and definition of features that serve as input to the system. The parameters of a saccadic and smooth eye movement tracking are observed and a comparison is drawn for HCI. This methodology is further incorporated with Pupil, OpenCV and Microsoft Visual Studio for image processing to identify the position of the pupil and observe the pupil movement direction in real-time. Once the direction is identified, it is possible to determine the accurate cruise position which moves towards the target. To quantify the differences between the step-change tracking of saccadic eye movement and incremental tracking of smooth eye movement, the test was conducted on two users. With the help of incremental tracking of smooth eye movement, an accuracy of 90% is achieved. It is found that the incremental tracking requires an average time of 7.21s while the time for step change tracking is just 2.82s. Based on the observations, it is determined that, when compared to the saccadic eye movement tracking, the smooth eye movement tracking is over four times more accurate. Therefore, the smooth eye tracking was found to be more accurate, precise, reliable, and predictable to use with the mouse cursor than the saccadic eye movement tracking.

Keywords

Vestibulo-ocular reflex image processing eye tracking accurate prediction saccadic eye movement human computer interface

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